Community Relations is the interacting of our pod with the community around us. We are Pod 2, the Community Relations pod, and we try to promote what we are doing as a pod as well as a class. The goals of this page are to recognize the top colleges for environmental studies and to give a background of Ohio Metroparks and the soil of Ohio.


Top 3 Environmental Colleges or Universities within U.S.:
1. Stanford University
2. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
3. University of California Berkeley
external image logo_Stanford.gif

Top 3 Environmental Colleges or University within Ohio:
1. Oberlin College
2. Ohio State University
3. Ohio University

external image Ohio%20State%20Logo.jpg



Cleveland Metroparks Historical Timeline
external image cleveland-metroparks-logo-s.jpg

1905 William Stinchcomb writes, "I want to suggest the advisability of ultimately establishing an outer system of parks and boulevards."
1910 Cleveland is the nation's sixth largest city. Residential development is pushing beyond the city limits.
1911 West side business interests promote idea of preserving Rocky River Valley.
1912 Judge Alexander Hadden appoints a county park board.
1915 Harry Farnsworth, park board chairman, proposes joining "huge strips of land" to make "a great 40 mile sweep of boulevard."
1916 William Stinchcomb prepares the first park plan.
1917 March 6, 1917: Ohio General Assembly passes bill providing for "the conservation of natural resources by the creation, development and improvement of park districts."
1920s The park board acquires 9,000 acres in nine reservations, putting it at the forefront of the county park movement.
1921 William Stinchcomb is appointed as first director-secretary of the Cleveland Metropolitan Park District.
1922 The park board begins reforestation of Rocky River Valley and clears the first hiking trails in Rocky River, Brecksville and Bedford reservations.
1922 Social worker George Bellamy testifies, "Forest recreation has an important effect on the health of the children of Cleveland."
1926 Golfers jam "Big Met", the west side's first public links.
1926 The Park District begins construction of a dam across the west branch of the Rocky River to create Hinckley Lake.
1929 The Ohio Supreme Court upholds the Park District's right to levy taxes and spend money.
1930 Cleveland Museum of Natural History assigns Arthur B. Williams as the first park naturalist.
1930s Federal work-relief projects sweep park development forward, CCC camps are established in Euclid Creek and Brecksville reservations.
1931 July 4, 1930: The first trailside museum opens in North Chagrin Reservation.
1934 Trailside museum attendance exceeds 34,000.
1936 5,000 men are at work in the metropolitan parks, building roads, trails, shelterhouses and other improvements.
1936 A second trailside museum opens in Rocky River Reservation
1938 Look About Lodge, headquarters of the Cleveland Natural Science Club, opens in South Chagrin Reservation.
1939 A third trailside museum opens in Brecksville Reservation.
1939 The park levy passes, despite hard economic times.
1939 Park assets include 55 miles of roads, 60 miles of bridle paths, 53 miles of hiking trails and 33 picnic grounds.
1940s The park board turns its attention to completing the "Emerald Necklace".
1940s Wartime labor shortages open employment opportunities in the parks to women.
1943 Gates Mills Council says "no" to a parkway through the village connecting North and South Chagrin reservations.
1950 The Park District holds title to 13,000 acres of parkland.
1950s William Stinchcomb battles stream pollution and highway encroachment.
1950s The Park District braces for suburban population explosion.
1951 July 1951: 7,000 bathers jam Wallace Lake.
1954 The Park District establishes a new department of education and names Harold E. Wallin as park naturalist.
1957 William Stinchcomb resigns; Harold W. Groth is appointed to succeed him.
1958 The ranks of park police expand to counter increasing vandalism.
1960s Following a court order, Manakiki and Sleepy Hollow golf courses open to public play.
1960s Parks Director Groth fights "to keep the parks from being eroded" by outside interests.
1961 The Regional Planning Commission calls for the addition of new parkland to meet the recreation needs of Greater Cleveland.
1962 Bradley Woods Reservation opens. The Park District now holds title to 16,000 acres of parkland.
1970 March 26, 1070: The Park District assumes ownership of Cleveland Zoo.
1971 The Trailside Interpretive Center opens in Rocky River Reservation.
1974 Harold Schick is named director.
1976 Mill Stream Run Reservation opens.
1980 Lou E. Tsipis is named director.
1986 The Park District leases Garfield Park from the city of Cleveland and embarks on extensive renovation.
1988 Vern J. Hartenburg is named director.
1992 Cleveland Metroparks prepares a master plan to guide future decision making.
1999 The Ohio and Erie Canal Reservation opens, extending the towpath trail to Old Harvard Rd.
2003 Washington Park opens and First Tee of Cleveland is begun. The Park District now includes over 20,000 acres of parkland.

Activities Related to Metroparks:

- hiking
- collect and analyze soil
- observe environment, animals and plants
- collect and analyze water and quality of water

Soil In Ohio, By Region
Lake States Fruit, Truck, and Dairy Region
The most common soils in Ohio Soil Regions 1 and 2 formed in lake and beach sediments and in glacial till associated with glacial lakes. Region 1 is a part of the Erie-Huron Lake Plain (MLRA 99). Region 2 was part of the Erie Fruit and Truck Area (MLRA 100), but it is currently the Eastern Ohio Till Plain (MLRA 139) in Handbook 296 because of its narrow extent.
Region 1 is characterized by nearly level crop fields with drainage ditches and subsurface drains. Coarser-textured and sloping or steep soils are more common in Region 2, which is also more urbanized

Central Feed Grains and Livestock Region Ohio Soil Regions 3, 4, and 5 are a part of the Indiana and Ohio Till Plain (MLRA 111). The glacial deposits in Region 4 are coarser-textured than those of Regions 3 and 5, and well drained soils such as the Miamian soil are more common in this region than elsewhere in MLRA 111 in Ohio. Region 7 is associated with the Southern Illinois and Indiana Thin Loess and Till Plain (MLRA 114). Since the soils in this region formed in older glacial deposits than the soils of MLRA 111, they are more weathered and less fertile for crop production

East and Central Farming and Forest Region
Ohio Soil Region 9 is on the fringe of the Kentucky Bluegrass (MLRA 121), Regions 10 and 11 are in the Western Allegheny Plateau (MLRA 124), and Region 12 is in the Central Allegheny Plateau (MLRA 126). These soil regions are heavily wooded and include many scenic areas. Soil Regions 10, 11 and 12 include areas where coal has been surface-mined. Many of the less sloping areas in Region 10 are associated with the remnants of an ancient stream system. Relatively wide ridgetops and valleys are associated with Region 11. Soils with a clayey and red or yellowish brown subsoil are common in Region 12.


external image SoilRegions.gif