external image organic-gardening-hands1.jpgOrganic Gardening focuses on the health and feeding of the soil, NOT the plant.
Products grown in organic gardens are healthier because...
  • lower level of contamients, such as pesticides, antibiotics, and nitrates
  • higher levels of a variety of essential nutrients
  • reduce health risks
  • work in harmony with nature
  • preserve diversity
  • no synthetic fertilizers

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Advantages
  • You can make your own compost from garden and kitchen waste
  • All home grown fruit and vegetables are free of chemicals and safe to eat
  • Chemical pesticides can kill benefits insects like ladybugs that prey on aphids and bees that pollinate garden plants, fruit and vegetables
  • Using natural bulk compost and manure keeps the physical structure of the soil in good condition so ensuring on-going fertility
  • Improvement in soil structure encourages beneficial creatures like worms which again lead to increased fertility
  • Chemicals lead to a loss of bio-diversity in the garden because they kill creatures never intended to be affected by them. For example, slug pellets can kill birds and toads if they eat a poisoned slug or snail
  • There is an additional danger from slug pellets to children and pets
Disadvantages
  • Making your own compost and then spreading it on your garden is more time consuming and harder work than buying a bag of chemical fertilizer and sprinkling it on the ground
  • Some organic fertilizers like hoof and horn or blood fish and bone can work out more expensive than chemicals
  • Organic fertilizers can work more slowly than chemical fertiliser although its affects are likely to be more long lasting
  • There will be some damage and loss from pests and diseases
  • You will have to learn more about beneficial insects and other creatures - the gardener's friends - more time consuming than just killing everything in sight